The Observation of Changes in the Magnetic Field due to the Crack Initiation under Different Stress Ratio Conditions
Fatigue failure of steel occurs when cracks form in a component and continue to grow to a size large enough to cause fracture. In order to understand the strength of a steel component, it is important to locate these cracks. We developed a scanning Hall probe microscope (SHPM) equipped with GaAs films sensors and observed fatigue cracks at room temperature in air while they were growing. In our previous works, we determined the correlation between crack growth and magnetic field in high carbon tool steels (JIS SKS93 and JIS SUJ2). We also reported the sensitivity of the SHPM equipped with a three-dimensional line-probe that was developed to decrease the sensor gaps. By using the line-probe sensor we succeeded to measure the magnetic flux density distributions in very close proximity to the specimen’s surface. However, in order to further understand the relation between magnetic flux density and crack growth, other materials, microstructures and fatigue test conditions should be evaluated. In the present work, we focus on the effect of stress ratios on the changes of the magnetic flux density in annealed carbon tool steel.
T. Honda et al., "The Observation of Changes in the Magnetic Field due to the Crack Initiation under Different Stress Ratio Conditions", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 217-218, pp. 1408-1413, 2011