Modelling Sequential Impact of Molten Droplets on a Solid Surface in Plasma Spray Process


Article Preview

Plasma spray deposition is one of the most important technologies available for producing the high-performance surfaces required by modern industry. In this process, powder of the coating material is fed into high-temperature plasma, which melts and accelerates the powder; the molten particles subsequently hit and solidify on the surface to be coated. To obtain good quality coating, the powder particle must be at least partially molten and hit the substrate with a high velocity. The flattening characteristics of the droplets impinging on a substrate are important determinants in governing the eventual quality of the plasma spray coating. Different codes have been developed in recent years to simulate the overall thermal spraying process, as well as the growth of the 3D coatings, in which entrained particles are modeled by stochastic particle models, fully coupled to the plasma flow. The present investigation was carried out to have an approach to systematize the atmospheric plasma spraying process in order to create a basis for numerically modeling the plasma dynamics, the coating formation mechanisms and to predict the particle thermo- kinetic state at impact.



Edited by:

El-Hachemi Amara and Djamila Bennaceur-Doumaz




I. R. Kriba and A. Djebaili, "Modelling Sequential Impact of Molten Droplets on a Solid Surface in Plasma Spray Process", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 227, pp. 111-115, 2011

Online since:

April 2011




[1] M. Vardelle, A. Vardelle, A.C. Leger, P. Fauchais and D. Gobin: J. of Thermal Spray Tech. Vol. 4 (1995), p.50.

[2] F. H. Harlow and J. P. Shannon: J. Appl. Phys. Vol. 38 (1967), p.3855.

[3] G. Trapaga and J. Szekely: Metal Trans B Vol. 22 (1991), p.901.

[4] H. Liu, E. J. Lavernia and R. Rangel: J. Phys. D. Appl. Phys. Vol. 26 (1993), p. (1900).

[5] C. W. Hirt and B. D. Nichols: J Compute. Phys. Vol. 39 (1981), p.201.

[6] Z. Zhao, D. Poulikakos and J. Fukai: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer Vol. 39 (1996), p.2771.

[7] M. Pasandideh-Fard, J. Mostaghimi and S. Chandra Modelling sequential impact of two molten droplets on a solid surface[C]/Proceeding of 12th Annual Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. Indianapolis, Indiana, 1999: p.265.

[8] R. Ghafouri-Azar, S. Shakeri, S. Chandre and J. Mostaghimi: International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer: Vol. 46 (2003), p.1395.

[9] L. Pawlowski, M. Vardelle and P. Fauchais: Thin Solid Films Vol. 94 (1982) p.307.

[10] L. Pawlowski: Thin Solid Films Vol. 81 (1981), p.79.

[11] Q. Fan, L. Wang, F. Wang and Q. Wang: Surface & Coatings Technology Vol. 201 (2007), p.6977.

[12] M. Bussmann, J. Mostaghimi and S. Chandra, Phys. Fluids, in press.