Weakening Hydrogen Bond of Thick Oil of Petroleum by Several Catalysts
The process of use catalyst or functional material that contains iron ion to weaken -O-H-X- (X=O, N and S) bond of the thick oil to reduce viscidity or crack, in aspects of the ion charge, covalent bond order, total energy and the average distance of Fe-X, is studied with density function theory and discrete variational method (DFT-DVM), one of the first principle methods. Sulfur is with positive charge, and the hydrogen bond of -O-H-S- does not form. The strength of -O-H-N- hydrogen bond is a bit larger than that of -O-H-O-. With the decrease of the distance of Fe-X (X=O, N), the charge of Fe ion increases, the charge of hydrogen ion decreases, and hydrogen bond is weakened.
H. F. Liu et al., "Weakening Hydrogen Bond of Thick Oil of Petroleum by Several Catalysts", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 228-229, pp. 141-146, 2011