Phytochemical Screening and Alkaloid Identification of Cabomba furcata
Ekor Kucing (Cabomba furcata) is a dominating water plant, which is rapidly proliferating in Lake Chini, Pahang, Malaysia. If left uncontrolled, the prevalence of this plant would threaten other plants, such as by inhibiting the growth of lotus (Nelumbo nicifera and Nympae lotus). It is also suspected as being a cause of pollution in Lake Chini. Steps to eradicate or control C. furcata plants first require a comprehensive study of its phytochemical content through methods of chemical screening, extraction/fractionation and analysis of individual compounds. Phytochemical screening carried out on the extracts detected flavonoid, saponin and alkaloid groups, but not triterpene and tannin. Different extraction yields were obtained from various plant parts, with the highest yield (%g/g sample) obtained before and after alkaloid fractionation were from the leaf (10.1%, 6.9%), followed by stem (9.6%, 4.5%) and flower (0.8%, 0.5%). Identification of alkaloids in C. furcata extracts by TLC showed the presence of nicotine, tomatine, thebaine and quinine.
Zhong Cao, Lixian Sun, Xueqiang Cao, Yinghe He
M. Masturah et al., "Phytochemical Screening and Alkaloid Identification of Cabomba furcata", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 233-235, pp. 971-976, 2011