Study on Chemical Compositions of Manihot Esculenta Crantz(M. utilissima Pohl)Stalks
The chemical compositions of Manihot esculenta crantz(M. utilissima Pohl)stalks were investigated, the contents of phenolic hydroxyl group and UV spectra of lignin were determined by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer. The result showed that the chemical compositions of Manihot esculenta crantz(M. utilissima Pohl)stalks were as follows: ashes 4.97%, cold water extraction 12.04%, hot water extraction 12.57%, 1% sodium hydroxide solution extraction 34.16%, benzene-alcohol solution extraction 4.20%, nitric acid-alcohol cellulose 35.86%, holo-cellulose 72.62%, pentosan 19.20%, acid-soluble lignin 2.51%, acid-insoluble lignin 26.10%, organic solvent-soluble lignin 1.07%, pectin content is 0.02%; it can be used as a non-wood renewable source of natural products.Phenolic hydroxyl content of organic solvent-soluble lignin and acid-insoluble lignin are 1.245 mmol·g-1 and 0.261mmol·g-1 respectively; the maximum absorption wavelength of organic solvent-soluble lignin and acid-soluble lignin in the UV region is near to 205 nm and 280 nm, but shifts to long wavelength or short wavelength with the nature of the different solvents.
Zhong Cao, Yinghe He, Lixian Sun and Xueqiang Cao
C. J. Chen et al., "Study on Chemical Compositions of Manihot Esculenta Crantz(M. utilissima Pohl)Stalks", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 236-238, pp. 394-398, 2011