Study on the Lead-Free Easy-Cutting Mg-Sb Brass
Traditional lead brass is gradually prevented from application by many countries’ governments because lead does harm to human health and pollutes the environment. New types of environment-friendly lead-free brass with favorable machinability are urgently demanded in the electrical, electronics and plumping fields. Lead-free Mg-Sb brass was fabricated in present. Experimental results showed that when the content of Mg is 1.0wt%, Sb is 0.8wt% and Cu is 58.0~59.0wt%, the alloy’s mechanical properties and machinability are favorable for industry application. With the increase of the content of Sb, the machinability increased, while the mechanical properties decreased. Lots of Cu2Mg and Cu9Sb2 particles on the order of microns exist in the inner-grain and grain boundaries. These particles improve the machinability, however, lower the tensile strength and the elongation. A three-way pipe joint was successfully punched with the fabricated Mg-Sb brass bar, and this demonstrated that the fabricated Mg-Sb brass possesses favorable hot working property.
Zhong Cao, Xueqiang Cao, Lixian Sun, Yinghe He
L. Li et al., "Study on the Lead-Free Easy-Cutting Mg-Sb Brass", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 239-242, pp. 1670-1673, 2011