Nanoscaled Polyaniline Doped with Different Dicarboxylic Acids Based On Template-Free Method
With an average diameter of 148-285 nm and a conductivity of 2.38E-2- 5.88 E-2S/cm, Nanoscaled polyaniline (PANI) were synthesized based on template-free method in the presence of dicarboxylic acids dopants (e.g., D-tartaric acid, Succinic acid, maleic acid and fumaric acid). Furthermore, the trans-cis isomerization of butenedioic acid plays an important role in the formation of nanostructures from plane-like to nanofibers, and PANI-MA has larger diameter, higher crystallinity and conductivity than PANI-FA.
Zhong Cao, Xueqiang Cao, Lixian Sun, Yinghe He
S. J. Jia et al., "Nanoscaled Polyaniline Doped with Different Dicarboxylic Acids Based On Template-Free Method", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 239-242, pp. 219-222, 2011