Research on Microwave Sintering Process for High Strength HA Porous Scaffold


Article Preview

This paper investigated solid freeform fabrication(SFF) and microwave sintering processes of high strength HA porous scaffold. A newly developed SFF method called motor assisted micro-syringe freeform fabrication system was introduced to construct HA scaffolds. Sintering conditions that influenced the phases, microstructure and mechanical strength of scaffolds were discussed. Study of microstructure images and strength test results showed that densification and grain size were found to play an important role in determining the mechanical properties of sintered porous scaffolds, and microwave sintering process could get a sintered scaffold with small grain size and uniform structure more rapidly at lower sintering temperature than that of the conventional sintering. The fabricated HA scaffolds with controlled architecture (interconnected macro pore of 200-400μm, micro pore of 1-10μm within the rods) and improved mechanical properties (45.2MPa, 56.2% porosity ) may find potential applications in bone tissue engineering.



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 239-242)

Edited by:

Zhong Cao, Xueqiang Cao, Lixian Sun, Yinghe He




Q. Wu et al., "Research on Microwave Sintering Process for High Strength HA Porous Scaffold", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 239-242, pp. 2515-2519, 2011

Online since:

May 2011




[1] Hutmacher DW: Biomaterials Vol. 21(2000), p.2529–2543.

[2] C. Nicolazo, H. Gautier, M. -J. Brandao, et al.: Biomaterials Vol. 24(2003), p.255–262.

[3] Dean-Mo Liu, T. Troczynski, Wenjea J. Tseng: Biomaterials, Vol. 22(2001), p.1721–1730.


[4] A. Bigi, E. Boanini, K. Rubini: J Solid state Chem. Vol. 177(2004), p.3092–3098.

[5] Jiwen Wang, Leon L. Shaw: Scripta Mater., Vol. 63(2010), p.593–596.

[6] S. Salehi, M.H. Fathi: Ceram. Int., Vol. 36(2010), pp.1659-1667.

[7] Scott J. Hollister: Nat. Mater., Vol. 4(2005), p.518–524.

[8] H. Fukushima, T. Yamanaka and M. Matsui: J. Mater. Res., Vol. 5(1990), p.397.

[9] Pedro Miranda, Antonia Pajares, Eduardo Saiz, et al.: J Biomed. Mater. Res. A, Vol. 85(2008), p.218–227.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.