Many field investigations of earthquake disaster cases confirm that earthquake-induced liquefaction is a main factor resulting in large damages to dyke. Consequently to ensure seismic safety of dyke on the liquefiable foundation, the research on seismic performances of dyke is of great importance. Herein seismic responses of dyke on the liquefiable soils were discussed by means of three dimension effective stress analysis method using a multiple shear mechanism model and liquefaction front. Two numerical models, in which the liquefiable foundation both consisted of saturated fine silica sand of 30% relative density and scenario waves with peak amplitude of 0.8056 and 3.133 m/s2 were used input waves, were conducted to investigate the distribution principles and the changing rules of deformation, acceleration, express pore water pressure, and shear dilatancy behavior in the dyke and the liquefiable foundation. The computed results do good agreements with the measured results from centrifuge tests. And these results may be of theoretical and realistic significance for seismic design of dyke on liquefiable soils.