Strain-Rate Sensitivity of Concrete: Influence of Temperature
Knowledge about the dynamic properties of concrete is vital to the design and safety evaluation of large-scale concrete structures subjected to seismic excitation. There are many factors affecting the dynamic properties of concrete such as moisture content and temperature. Though a lot of concrete structures have been designed to withstand low temperature, research on the strain-rate sensitivity of concrete under low temperature condition is still very limited so far. In this study, both tensile and compressive experiments were carried out to investigate the influence of temperature on the rate-dependent characteristics of concrete. Tensile experiments of dumbbell-shaped specimens were carried out on a MTS810 testing machine and compressive tests on cubic specimens were performed using a servo-hydraulic testing machine. Specimens at two types of temperature, room temperature 20oC and low temperature -30oC, were characterized. The strain rate varied over a wide range. It was concluded from the test data that the strengths of specimens at both types of temperature tended to increase as strain rate increased. Temperature had slight influence on the rate-sensitive behavior of concrete when concrete specimens were dry; however, test on saturated specimens indicated that the role of temperature on the mechanical behavior of concrete subject to dynamic loading was very significant. This phenomenon may be attributed to the state of free water in concrete.
Chaohe Chen, Yong Huang and Guangfan Li
D. M. Yan and W. Xu, "Strain-Rate Sensitivity of Concrete: Influence of Temperature", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 243-249, pp. 453-456, 2011