Study on Geomorphologic Spatial Information Mining and Application
Digital Elevation Models (DEM) implies numbers of geomorphologic spatial information. It not only includes the three-dimensional coordinate but also has unique texture information, which can describe the ‘true’ land surface adequately at relation of neighbors (plan) and relative (amplitude). We will use a method to study the wavelength characters by data mining and distribution of slope and local relief on the altitude steps through a local window. The Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) collect detailed Digital Elevation Models(DEM) data between 60°N and 57°S, 80 percent for all land masses, and it provides reliable, high precision surface elevation data for us, suits to analyze efficiently landscape pattern. SRTM-DEM data simulate three-dimensional land surface with regular gridded matrix, and these discrete points are fit for spatial neighbors’ analysis and statistics, and convenient to geomorphologic pattern computation and analysis in digital computer. Geomorphologic pattern is influenced by Physical properties and human activities in a most direct way, but whilst it record numbers of geological evolution evidence, and these records provide some important information for climate change, geological and geographical processes and ecological environment researches in science. In this study, making the whole Jilin province as study object, we propose a fourth-order equation to approximate land as a continuous curved surface, association neighbors’ analysis method, utilize digital elevation matrix to validate an optimal statistic window, and subsequent study the area spatial distribution by parameterization and classification, get a satisfactory effect.
Guangfan Li, Yong Huang and Chaohe Chen
L. H. Liang et al., "Study on Geomorphologic Spatial Information Mining and Application", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 250-253, pp. 1236-1242, 2011