In order to ensure the high-speed railway train running safety and stabilization, the subgrade should keep adequate strength, rigidity and long-term stabilization under the repeated train load. When the subgrade soil is poor, we can treat it with cement. Whether the performance of cement-treated soil can meet the demand of high-speed railway, so the dynamic triaxial test of cement-treated soil is studied in this paper. The dynamic performance of cement-treated soil under repeated train load is analyzed. The variation and influence factors of critical dynamic stress, accumulated plastic strain, elastic strain and resilient module of cement-treated soil are studied.When the dynamical stress more than the critical dynamical stress, the cumulate plastic strain and the elastic strain will rapidly increase with the increase of the loading time of the dynamical stress. The resilience modulus will decrease along with the increase of the dynamical stress. When the dynamical stress less than the he critical dynamical stress, the elastic strain and the resilience modulus remain constant with the increase of the loading time of the dynamical stress. And the elastic strain and the resilience modulus linearly increase with the increase of the dynamical stress.