One large-diameter and non-circular steel tube was adopted in Henan TV tower (China). This special cross-section consists of three flat plates welded to three arc plates one by one. This paper studies the critical local buckling behavior of steel plates by using the finite element analysis method. Initial geometric imperfections and residual stresses presented in steel plates, material yielding and strain hardening were taken into account in the nonlinear analysis. An experimental study was performed to verify the capacity ability of this special steel tube. Based on the results obtained from the nonlinear finite element analyses and experiments, a set of design recommendations are provided for ensuring the safety of this special tube in Henan TV tower.