Advanced Materials and Processing

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Authors: Juraj Balak, Xavier Sauvage, Duk Lak Lee, Choong Yeol Lee, Philippe Pareige
Abstract: Microstructures of cold drawn pearlitic steel wires were investigated by three-dimensional atom probe (3D-AP) to understand the influence of alloying elements on the decomposition of cementite. Before cold drawing, Si is mostly located in the ferrite phase, while Cr is located in the Fe3C phase and the amount of Mn is similar in Fe3C and in ferrite. Higher Si amount leads to higher dissolution rate of cementite and Cr has a little effect on cementite decomposition during drawing.
Authors: Yan Dong Liu, Q.W. Jiang, He Tong, Yan Dong Wang, Liang Zuo
Abstract: in this paper, the texture evolution of cold rolling and recrystallization of dual phase steel sheets is studied. The experimental results show that the cold rolling texture components are γ fiber (<111>//N.D.) and α fiber (<110>//R.D.). After heat treatment (austenizing temperatures 960°C and 980°C, 0.7°C/S cooling to 650°C, a rational holding time to form ferrite and martensite microstructure), the texture components are still γ fiber and α fiber, the recrystallization texture in dual phase steel sheet is remarkable different compared to the recrystallization texture in the pure (single phase??) ferrite.
Authors: Nam Hyun Kang, Inae Park, Jong Won Jin, Sang Ho Byun, Young Jung Lee, Kyung Mok Cho
Abstract: The demand to replace Fe-V steel with Fe-Nb steel is evolving because of high costs of raw vanadium material. For the mass production of Fe-Nb steel, the most critical barrier is a poor impact toughness comparing with that of Fe-V steel. This study covers a microstructural investigation for ferrite grain size to explain the strength and toughness results as a function of V and Nb contents. The steel samples were made of three different compositions, i.e., Fe-V steel (Fe-0.05V-0.001Nb), Fe-V-Nb steel (Fe-0.014V-0.03Nb), and Fe-Nb steel (Fe-0.003V-0.033Nb). Rolling temperature to initiate was 1150°C for the all experiments. However, rolling temperature to finish was set differently for two conditions; 950°C and 860°C. The rolling to 860°C decreased the grain size for the ferrite phase and increased the impact toughness rather than the case of 950°C. The Fe-V-Nb steel exhibited similar value of the impact toughness with that for the Fe-V steel because of the low rolling temperature to finish, i.e., 860°C. The whole replace of V with Nb decreased the impact toughness significantly, however some extent of V content remained with Nb content showed the comparable toughness to the Fe-V steel by optimizing the controlled rolling process.
Authors: Yong Nam Kwon, Young Seon Lee, Jung Hwan Lee
Abstract: Micro-alloyed cold forging steel has been developed to rule out heat treatment process before forging in order to save energy consumption. These non heat-treated cold forging steels utilize the work hardening during cold working to ensure the mechanical properties. In other words, the required strength of forged part is achieved by work hardening with the accumulation of plastic strain during the cold working. Therefore, the plastic deformation characteristics should be carefully understood for successful process design. Evolution of both microstructure and plastic characteristics of micro-alloyed cold forging steel has been investigated in the present study. For the optimization of forging processes, finite element analysis and die life predictions were carried out.
Authors: Kyung Jun Ko, Pil Ryung Cha, Jong Tae Park, Jae Kwan Kim, Nong Moon Hwang
Abstract: Abnormal grain growth (AGG) takes place in many metallic systems especially after recrystallization of deformed polycrystals. A famous example of AGG in metallic system is the Goss texture in Fe-3%Si steel. During high temperature annealing of Fe-3%Si sheet, a few near Goss {110} <001> grains grow exclusively fast and consume the matrix grains. Therefore, the grains which have near Goss orientation have special advantage over other grains. As a new approach to the growth advantage of AGG, we suggested the solid-state wetting mechanism, where a grain wets or penetrates the grain boundary or the triple junction of its neighboring grains. The solid-state wetting mechanism for the evolution of the Goss texture in Fe-3%Si steel was studied experimentally and by phase-field model (PFM) simulation.
Authors: Young Seon Lee, Y.C. Kwon, Yong Nam Kwon, Jung Hwan Lee, S.W. Lee, N.S. Kim
Abstract: Internal voids have to be eliminated for defect-free in some open die forging. The FEM analysis is performed to investigate the overlap defect of cast ingots during cogging stage. The measured flow stress data were used to simulate the cogging process of cast ingot using the practical material properties. Also the numerical analysis of void closure is performed by using the DEFORMTM-3D. The calculated results of void closure behavior are compared with the measured results before and after upsetting, which are scanned by the X-ray scanner. From this result, the criteria for deformation amounts effect on the void closure were estimated into effective strain of 0.6 by the comparison of practical experiment and numerical analysis.
Authors: J.S. Kang, S.S. Ahn, C.Y. Yoo, Chan Gyung Park
Abstract: In the present study, focused ion beam (FIB) technique was applied to make site-specific TEM specimens and to identify the 3-dimensional grain morphologies of bainitic microstructure in low carbon HSLA steels such as granular bainite, acicular ferrite and bainitic ferrite. Granular bainite consisted of fine subgrains and 2nd phase constituents like M/A or pearlite located at grain and subgrain boundaries. Acicular ferrite was characterized by an aggregate of ramdomly orientated and irregular shaped grains. The high angle boundaries between adjacent acicular ferrite grains caused by intragranular nucleation during continuous cooling process. Bainitic ferrite revealed uniform and parallel lath structure within the prior austenite grain boundaries and its’ packet size could effectively decreased by the formation of intragranular acicular ferrite.
Authors: Sang Mok Lee, Hoon Jae Park, Seung Soo Kim, Tae Hoon Choi, E.Z. Kim, Geun An Lee
Abstract: Multi-filament fabrication process using repetitive hydrostatic extrusion of Cu/Al at high temperature was conducted to obtain micro-scaled Aluminum wires. In the process an aluminum rod claded with a copper tube was extruded repetitively three times where a number of the single extruded rods were bundled together and subjected to hydrostatic extrusion to obtain multi-filament wire bundle. Aafter final bundle extrusion the diameter of the aluminum rod was effectively reduced from 33.6 mm to 30μm.
Authors: Jeong Min Kim, Joong Hwan Jun
Authors: Taek Kyun Jung, Mok Soon Kim, W.Y. Kim, Hyouk Chon Kwon, S. Yi
Abstract: The microstructures and mechanical properties of the bulk Al-Fe-(Mo, V, Zr) alloy produced by melt spinning process and subsequent hot extrusion at 693K in the extrusion ratio of 25 to 1 were investigated. TEM observation revealed an equiaxed grain structure with the average grain size of 200 nm for the extruded bulk alloy. Extremely fine dispersoids based on Al-Fe phases, Al-Fe-(Mo, V) phases and Al-Zr phases were observed to be distributed uniformly within grains and at grain boundaries. The size distribution of the binary Al-Fe and the Al-Fe-(Mo, V) phases were ranged from 20 nm to 50 nm, whereas the Al-Zr phase was less than 10 nm. The very high tensile strength of about 800MPa was achieved at room temperature for the extruded bulk alloy.

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