Advanced Materials and Processing

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Authors: Shotaro Tahara, Yuji Kume, Makoto Kobashi, Naoyuki Kanetake
Abstract: A compressive torsion processing (CTP) was applied to hypereutectic Al-Si alloy in order to raise ductility and formability by microstructure refinement of the alloy. The CTP is a unique severe plastic deformation process and it can easily apply large strain to a work piece without change in shape. In the present work, influence of compressive torsion processing temperature on microstructure refinement and tensile property of hypereutectic Al-Si alloy is dealt with. When the CTP was applied on the Al-Si alloy, primary and eutectic Si particles were refined more effectively at lower processing temperature. Total tensile elongation of CTPed alloy was four times as large as that of non CTPed one. Distribution of the total elongation was quite uniform in the whole CTPed specimen.
133
Authors: Joong Hwan Jun, Bong Koo Park, Jeong Min Kim, Ki Tae Kim
Abstract: Influences of Gd or Y addition on microstructures and tensile properties at room and elevated temperatures were investigated for T6-treated Mg-3%Nd-0.5%Zn-0.4%Zr casting alloys, on the basis of experimental results from X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, tensile and creep tests. Microstructures of the T6-treated alloys are characterized by recrystallized α-(Mg) grains containing various nano-sized precipitates such as Mg41Nd5, Zn2Zr3 and Zr particles. In T6 condition, most of added Gd and Y elements are dissolved in Mg41Nd5 precipitates rather than formation of new phases. Tensile properties and creep resistance of the Mg-3%Nd-0.5%Zn-0.4%Zr alloy are remarkably increased by the addition of Gd or Y, but their efficiencies are substantially the same.
137
Authors: Ippei Takeuchi, Kinji Hirai, Yorinobu Takigawa, Tokuteru Uesugi, Kenji Higashi
Abstract: The effect of Ca and Sr content on the microstructure and mechanical properties of a cast AZ91 magnesium alloy is investigated. Ca and Sr additions in AZ91 magnesium alloy are expected high creep resistance. The microstructure of the alloy exhibits the dendritic α-matrix and the second-phases forming networks on the grain boundary. Tensile tests at elevated temperatures between 448 and 523K reveal that the creep resistance was improved with increasing the additional amount of Ca, especially more than 1.0wt%. From the perspective of grain refinement effect, it is expected that the additions of Ca and Sr to AZ91 magnesium alloy not only improve creep resistance but also improve mechanical properties at room temperature.
141
Authors: Shu Hei Uchida, Ippei Takeuchi, Gentaro Gonda, Kinji Hirai, Tokuteru Uesugi, Yorinobu Takigawa, Kenji Higashi
Abstract: Twin roll casting process combines casting and hot rolling into a single process. In this study, mechanical properties at room temperature and microstructure of the twin roll cast AZ91 magnesium alloy are investigated. The alloy exhibited a good combination of high ultimate strength of 343MPa, yield stress of 224MPa and elongation to failure of 13%. The mechanical property was very excellent compared with AZ91 die-cast alloy. EPMA analysis reveals that the Al concentration in Mg matrix is higher in twin roll cast alloy than that in die-cast alloy. This high Al concentration must be the origin of the good mechanical properties of twin roll cast alloy at room temperature.
145
Authors: B.H. Lee, S.H. Park, Mohamad El Mehtedi, E. Evangelista, Chong Soo Lee
Abstract: The influence of initial texture on the formation of primary twin system of AZ31 Magnesium rolled plate was investigated in this work. Uniaxial compression tests were carried out on samples cut along the rolling direction (RD) and normal direction (ND) of rolled AZ31 Mg plate at various temperatures (RT, 150, 200, 250, 300, 350, 400, 450°C) with the fixed strain rate (0.01s-1). The results showed that the primary twinning system of AZ31 Mg alloy (c-axis extension twin) occurred actively in the RD compression specimens, which promoted homogeneous deformation as compared to the ND compression specimens. The effect of temperature on the formation of deformation twins was also investigated, and slip/twin transition temperature was found to be 250°C.
149
Authors: Hyeon Taek Son, Jae Seol Lee, Ji Min Hong, Dae Guen Kim, Kyosuke Yoshimi, Kouichi Maruyama
Abstract: The as-cast microstructure of Mg-5Al-3Ca-2Sm alloy consists of equiaxed α-Mg matrix, (Mg, Al)2Ca eutectic phase and Al-Sm rich intermetallic compounds. This eutectic phase of the extruded alloys was elongated to extrusion direction and size of this phase was finered compare to that of as-cast alloys because of severe deformation during hot extrusion. After hot extrusion, the average grain size of Mg-5Al-3Ca and Mg-5Al-3Ca-2Sm alloys was 4.8 *m and 3.8 *m, respectively. In load-unload hardness test, penetration depth was decreased with added Sm and after extrusion procedure because of grain size refining by addition Sm and large deformation. Hardness value of the alloys containing Sm was higher than that of Mg-5Al-3Ca alloy due to grain refining and formation Al-Sm rich intermetallic compound at gain boundary and α-Mg matrix. Maximum hardness value was obtained at the extruded Mg-5Al-3Ca-2Sm alloy at elevated temperatures.
153
Authors: Shogo Mori, Tokimasa Kawabata, Kenji Matsuda, Susumu Ikeno
Abstract: The age hardening precipitates of Mg-4.7mass%Zn alloy aged at 423K,473K were studied by using high-resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). Contrasts of mono layers were confirmed to exist on the (0001) and (1100) matrix planes. It was considered that the contrast of mono layer was plate-like shape, and identified as pre-precipitates from as-quenched stage to early stage of aging at 473K for 32h . In the peak aged specimen of aged at 473K, the β1’ phase was observed. The β1’ phase has a rod-like shape and parallel to c-axis of Mg matrix. It can be observed orientation relationship between Mg matrix and β1’phase has not only same parts to previous reports but also different parts in one β1’ phase .
157
Authors: Chung Gil Kang, Sang Mae Lee
Abstract: Interest in the rheology forming technology for fabrication of light weight materials and for resolving environmental issues has been growing in industrial and academic society. In this study, the helical shape stirrer was designed to produce rheological material. The experimental variables, which were stirring time 0-1200 sec, stirring velocity 0-100 rpm and melt temperatures for semisolid states, were established. The rheological materials were produced under established experiment conditions, and then mechanical properties were measured. Sequence-production equipments were appended to fabrication system of rheology material to make rheology materials continuously. Therefore, the development of sequence-production system equipped with a specially designed mechanical stirrer in spiral shape was necessary for fabricating fine grains and their uniform globular rheology materials. The thixoforging was experimented with rheological A6061 wrought aluminum alloy fabricated by the spiral shape stirrer. Microstructural morphology of the forged samples was investigated and their mechanical properties characterized.
161
Authors: Su Juan Yao, W.X. Li, Sheng Yang, Dan Qing Yi
Abstract: microstructures, aging hardness, mechanical properties of Mg-9Gd-4Y-0.3Zr alloys were investigated. The microstructure is a typical dendritic structure of as-cast sample, The aging test of extruded samples were carried at a temperature rang of 200-300°C and at a different aging time. The aging peak hardness is about 120HV, tensile strength was tested at temperature 25°C, 200°C, 250°C and 300°C, tensile strengths are 375 Mpa, 364 Mpa, 329 Mpa, 286 Mpa respectively, the maximum elongation is 13.32% at 300°C. The fracture mode is mainly microvoid coalescence fracture combination the brittle cleavage fracture at room temperature, and microvoid coalescence fracture at 200-300°C.
167
Authors: Jin Man Jang, Won Sik Lee, Se Hyun Ko, Il Ho Kim
Abstract: Manufacturing technology of bulk titanium by milling and sintering was studied for recycling of pure titanium tuning chip. Ti chips were milled at RT under H2 pressure of 0.5MPa. All titanium chips were pulverized and hydrided within several minutes, which is very short time comparing to other thermal processes. The hydrided powders were hot pressed at 750°C. After hot pressing, bulk sample was identified to α-phase Ti by XRD measurement and measured density(4.509g/cm3) was very close to theoretical density(4.512g/cm3) of pure Ti. Consequently, it is carefully suggested that hydriding and sintering process is efficient and practicable solution for recycling of pure titanium tuning chip.
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