Good surface finish is one of the important demands from the outputs of a cylindrical grinding machine. Also it is expected that dimensional accuracy, including accuracy in roundness, is fine in traverse cut cylindrical grinding. Now, like any other machine tool, cylindrical grinding machines also do vibrate, and vibration will affect accuracy and surface finish of the parts produced in grinding. The analysis of vibration in cylindrical grinding is then very much important. In the present study some aspects of vibration – behavior of cylindrical grinding machine have been experimented and analyzed. The process parameters have been varied and vibration signals have been measured in different directions by positioning an accelerometer at tail stock of the machine. The data have been analyzed through various statistical techniques to identify and predict vibration at given combinations of process parameters. The results and analysis of data give useful idea about dynamic performance of cylindrical grinding machine in traverse cut cylindrical grinding operation.