Conventional AFM have difficulty achieving uniform roughness of an axial distribution in circular hole polishing due to limited unitary axial motion of abrasive media. Therefore, this work develops mechanism designs for different passageways to obtain multiple flowing paths of an abrasive medium, whose flowing behavior enhances polishing effectiveness by increasing the abrasive surface area and radial shear forces. The motion of the abrasive medium is studied by utilizing the design of the mold cores, which mold shapes include the circular passageway and helical passageway. The optimum design of the different passageways is then verified using CFD-ACE+ numerical software. Analytical results indicate that the optimum design is the mechanism with a passageway of six helices. Furthermore, surface roughness measurements demonstrate the increase in uniformity and the roughness improvement rate (RIR). Experimental results for surface roughness indicate that roughness deviation of six helices passageway of approximately 0.1001 m Ra is significantly better than those on a circular passageway of around 0.1760 m Ra. Additionally, the six helices passageway is also superior to circular passageway in reducing roughness improvement rate (RIR) by roughly 85% compared with RIR 75% for the circular passageway.