An Investigation on Warpage Analysis in Plastic Injection Moulding
In an injection moulded part, warpage is the distortion caused by non-uniform shrinkage within the plastic part. When looking critically at the causes of warpage, it is found that several key parameters of the moulding process have some effect on the warpage. However, the two major categories that contribute to warpage include the part design and the mould design. In mould design, the gate location, runner/gate system and cooling system design are the major factors affecting not only the warpage and part quality but also the injection moulding cycle time. This paper presents an investigation of using different cooling system configuration on warpage and shrinkage of an industrial plastic part with the aim of determining which cooling configuration will provide minimum warpage and cycle time. As conventional injection mould cooling design is based on straight drilling, it limits the geometric complexity of the cooling design, especially curved shape cooling channels. Nowadays, new technology of advanced rapid tooling based on solid freeform fabrications can be been used to provide conformal cooling channels in injection moulds. In this paper, several type of cooling channels are analysed to compare the performance in terms of warpage and shrinkage and to determine which configuration is suitable for minimizing warpage. Autodesk Moldflow Insight (AMI) simulation software is applied to examine the results of the cooling performances and warpage analysis.
M.S.J. Hashmi, S. Mridha and S. Naher
A. B.M. Saifullah and S. H. Masood, "An Investigation on Warpage Analysis in Plastic Injection Moulding", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 264-265, pp. 433-438, 2011