Preparation of (Mo,Nb)Si2 Ternary Alloys by Self−Propagating High−Temperature Synthesis
An experimental study on the preparation of (Mo,Nb)Si2 ternary alloys was conducted by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis method from elemental powder compacts of different stoichiometries. And the combustion mode, combustion temperature, flame-front propagation velocity and product structure were discussed. The results show that (Mo,Nb)Si2 ternary alloys are characterized by an unsteady state combustion mode with a spiral−trajectory reaction front from top to bottom. The combustion temperature and flame−front propagation velocity decrease with the addition of coarse niobium powder. The combustion temperature and flame-front propagation velocity of MoSi2 are 1629K and 3.13mm/s respectively. However, those of (Mo0.8Nb0.2)Si2 alloy are 1460K and 1.97mm/s. The solid solubility of niobium in MoSi2 is less than 2.5at.%, and the combustion synthesis produce still remains Cllb single-phase structure in (Mo1-x,Nbx)Si2(x<0.075) sample. The C40-type structure appears in (Mo0.925,Nb0.075)Si2 compact and the intensity of diffraction peaks of C40-type phase gradually reinforces with the increase of niobium content. Combustion synthesis is an effective technology for producing (Mo,Nb)Si2 ternary alloys.
P. Z. Feng et al., "Preparation of (Mo,Nb)Si2 Ternary Alloys by Self−Propagating High−Temperature Synthesis", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 266, pp. 219-222, 2011