Excess pore water pressure caused by construction dissipated, resulting in consolidation settlement. The formula of initial excess pore water pressure around tunnel lining was deduced by stress relief theory, and its formula within the region of its distribution at any point was subsequently deduced by stress transfer theory. By comparing the measured data, shows that the calculated closed to the measured, and with the distance increased the initial excess pore water pressure decreased in a concave curve shape. When the depth of tunnel increased or the diameter decreased, would made initial excess pore water pressure between the tunnel bottom and tunnel center horizon around tunnel lining more different. At a certain depth, the mast initial excess pore water pressure above tunnel axis, away from the axis reduced; showing a similar PECK shape.