Application of Integer-Coded Genetic Algorithm to Optimal Sensor Placement
In the dynamic testing, the sensor positions have a major influence on the quality of the experimental modal parameters of a tested structure. In order to dispose sensors to reasonable degrees of freedom (DOF), and reflect adequately the dynamic characteristics of tested structure, the sensor positions must be optimized. In this paper, taking the combination of MAC matrix and Fisher information matrix (FIM) as optimization criteria, the integer-coded genetic algorithm (IGA) was applied to optimal sensor position problem (OSPP). The effect of optimization criteria and optimal method to optimal sensor positions were discussed. According to the results, the following conclusion is obtained: using MAC and FIM as optimal criteria, introducing the IGA into the OSPP, the optimal sensor positions can ensure the better linear independence of the mode shape vectors and the better estimation of the experimental modal parameters. Comparing with three existing optimal sensor placement methods, which are Guyan, effective independence (EI), and cumulative method based on QR decomposition (CQRD), their results of the optimal sensor positions indicated that the IGA is better than them.
B. Y. Qin and X. K. Lin, "Application of Integer-Coded Genetic Algorithm to Optimal Sensor Placement", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 271-273, pp. 1114-1119, 2011