Erosion Characteristics Based on GIS and Fractal Dimensions
Soil erosion processes and erosion distribution was research focus to establish distributed mathematical equation in the soil erosion areas, GIS techniques and fractal theory provide a means to advance these studies.Slope erosion patterns of bare slope was studied under rainfall intensities of 45、90 and 130mm/h with 20°slope gradient using simulated rainfall experiment. The results showed that the time of rill appeared of lower rainfall intensity was later than that of high rainfall intensity；Within the rainfall time，the rill scale expanded increased with the increasing of rainfall intensity; The erosion distribution was studied by the three-dimensional laser scanner，The trend of rill erosion deep kept roughly consistent with that of sediment; The characteristics was analyzed of slope erosion by GIS, the fractal dimension and sediment were both increased with rainfall intensity, The fractal dimension was increasing with erosion pattern complexity. So the fractal dimension is the representative of erosion complexity.
C. X. Yang et al., "Erosion Characteristics Based on GIS and Fractal Dimensions", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 271-273, pp. 1142-1145, 2011