Layered hydroxyapatite (HA) based ceramic composites consisting of a strong ceramic composite core, 3 mol% yttrium stabilized zirconia (3Y-TZP) with 30 or 40 vol% HA, and a HA-rich porous coating were fabricated using a coating deposition and co-sintering process in the present study. The aim is to develop HA-based bio-ceramic composites that retain the bio-compatibility of HA and the preferred scaffold structure, but have much improved structural properties required for implants. Two different coating techniques, sol-gel derive HA coating and HA solution coating, have been used to deposit the HA coating on the strong HA-containing 3Y-TZP core, which has been pre-sintered at 900°C and has a green-machined surface finish. The upper limit for the final sintering of the layered ceramic composites is set at 1,350°C based on the individual sintering properties of HA and 3Y-TZP. SEM observations have been conducted on the coating surface, sectioned surface of coating and substrate/core to characterize the microstructures of coating and substrate and their interface. Preliminary mechanical tests and XRD tests are also performed to characterise the structural properties at different temperatures.