Nanocrystallinity Enhancement of TiO2 Nanotubes by Post-Hydrothermal Treatment
In the present research, a modified post-hydrothermal treatment with different temperature of 80-150°C has been applied on as-annealed TiO2 nanotubes derived from conventional hydrothermal process. The treatment has two-fold objectives, i.e. enhancing the nanocrystallinity of anatase TiO2, and at the same time maintaining the integrity of nanotube structures. The resulting TiO2 nanotubes were characterized by using XRD and UV-Vis spectroscopy. The XRD analysis revealed that the as dried TiO2 nanotubes contain combined crystalline structures of sodium-titanate and anatase. It was also found that by increasing the post-hydrothermal temperature from 80 to 150°C, the nanocrystallinity of nanotubes enhances as indicated by increasing the crystallite size of anatase TiO2 from 6.93 to 7.81 nm. The anatase crystallite growth affected the optical characteristic of nanotubes, as represented with the reduction of the band gap energy, Eg from 3.75 to 3.67 eV by using Kubelka-Munk analysis for the obtained UV-Vis reflectance spectra. TEM observation confirms that the integrity of nanotubes structure can be well-maintained upon post-hydrothermal treatment.
Bondan Tiara Sofyan
A. H. Yuwono et al., "Nanocrystallinity Enhancement of TiO2 Nanotubes by Post-Hydrothermal Treatment", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 277, pp. 90-99, 2011