Development of New C&W Superalloys for High Temperature Disk Applications
The enhancement of efficiency in gas turbine engines requires the development of new superalloys capable of withstanding higher temperatures. The development of novel industrial cast and wrought (C&W) disk alloys with required combination of strength, creep and fatigue resistances at 700°C is particularly desired due to the expensive cost of powder metallurgy. In this context, new C&W disk alloys were recently developed to fulfill these requirements. TMW4 shows higher properties than the current C&W disk alloy despite an expensive cost due to its high cobalt content, where as 718Plus presents a moderate cost with restricted creep properties at 700°C compared to the current U720Li disk alloy. The new nickel base superalloys developed by Aubert & Duval were therefore designed to offer a better compromise between high temperature properties at 700°C and cost. This paper describes the alloy metallurgical features and is especially focused on the alloy design which is extensively based on phase diagram modeling. The study was firstly carried out on small ingots of 6 kg to optimize the chemistry before forging 200 kg ingots by industrial processes. The ability to be processed by the conventional cast & wrought route and the control of the highly expensive elements contents confer to the alloys an attractive cost comparable to that of 718Plus alloy. The high amount of ’ and the molybdenum-tungsten levels insure higher creep and tensile properties than those obtained with 718Plus.
A. Devaux et al., "Development of New C&W Superalloys for High Temperature Disk Applications", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 278, pp. 405-410, 2011