Type I collagen was isolated from calf skin and its assembly on PVA film induced by glutaraldehyde vapor was investigated. It was found that the collagen molecules were firstly orientationally assembled into collagen fibers under the inducement of glutaraldehyde vapor. Then the collagen fibers could be further aggregated into novel network structure in proper conditions of the induced reaction. The morphology of the assembled collagen fibers was depended on induced time and concentration of collagen. The network arrangement could be obtained after being induced for 72h when collagen concentration was 2.5mg/ml. At higher concentration of collagen (5 mg/ml), the collagen fibers with larger dimension were obtained, but the growth of fibers was almost in one direction.