Mechanical Properties of Directionally Arrayed Dendrites in the Ni3Al Matrix Alloy
Ni3Al shows the unique feature of increasing strength with increasing temperature. However, it is too brittle to use as a structural material due to grain boundary weakness. Ductility could be enhanced by controlling grains using directional solidification. In order to increase the ductility or strength of Ni3Al alloys, a ductile γ (Ni-rich) phase of dendrite fibers or a strong β (NiAl) phase of dendrite fibers were arrayed in the γ´ (Ni3Al) matrix by directional solidification. The dendrite spacing could be controlled by varying the solidification rates, and the volume fraction of the γ or β phase could be changed by using alloy compositions, from 23 to 27 at. % Al-Ni alloy. With increasing solidification rates, the dendrite spacing decreased, which caused the tensile strength to be enhanced and the elongation to decrease, evidently due to the phase boundary augmentation. With increasing Al content, the γ dendritic microstructure changed to β dendrites in the γ´ matrix, which resulted in a decrease in elongation as a result of an increase in the volume fraction of the brittle β dendrites in the γ´ matrix.
Deliang Zhang, Kim Pickering, Brian Gabbitas, Peng Cao, Alan Langdon, Rob Torrens and Johan Verbeek
Y. Lu et al., "Mechanical Properties of Directionally Arrayed Dendrites in the Ni3Al Matrix Alloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 29-30, pp. 71-74, 2007