Micro V-groove is an important optical component in the packaging of optoelectronic devices, which holds the position of the optical fibers. The micro V-groove can be fabricated by three main techniques on different materials: wet etching, ultra precision machining and molding press. The main parameters, which determine the micro V-groove quality, include core pitch, surface roughness and cured adhesive height. In this paper, three fabrication techniques are discussed to address the future needs of the next-generation optical fiber communication technology. The advantages and disadvantages of each fabrication technique are discussed with the quality issues. The findings can be served as guides for the materials and fabrication in micro V-groove in optoelectronic packaging.