Graft copolymerization of diethylenetriamine onto bagasse celluloses was investigated with ammonium ceric nitrate as initiator in an aqueous medium. The condition of the graft copolymerization initiator concentration, the mass ratio of monomer/cellulose, reaction temperature, reaction time based on the experiment is optimized according to the zeta potential. The results showed the relative optimum process conditions were: the concentration of initiator at 36.98mmol/L, the mass ratio of the monomer and cellulose at 1:1, the reaction temperature at 70°C, and the reaction time by 3h. In addition, the graft copolymers were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectra (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD). The results showed that bagasse celluloses could be grafted with diethylenetriamine in aqueous medium.