A Feasibility Study on Increasing Surface Hardness of Austenitic Stainless Steels by Pack Co-Deposition of N and Cr
This study is an attempt to codeposit N and Cr into the surface of austenitic stainless steels by pack cementation process to simultaneously increase their surface hardness and corrosion resistance. The pack powders were prepared using Cr2N powder as a source of both N and Cr, NH4Cl as activator and Al2O3 as inert filler. Specimens of the AISI204 austenitic stainless steel were treated in the 2 wt% NH4Cl activated 15Cr2N-85Al2O3 (wt%) pack at 1100 °C for different times. It was demonstrated that a top Cr2N layer with a Cr enriched zone underneath can be formed on the steel surface via the vapour phase generated in the activated powder pack. The effect of adding Cr powder into the pack powders on the surface layer formation and on the hardness profile at the cross-section of the specimen surface was also investigated. Hardness values of more than 1800 HV were obtained at the outermost surface of the treated specimen.
Pengcheng Wang, Liqun Ai, Yungang Li, Xiaoming Sang and Jinglong Bu
D. Zeng et al., "A Feasibility Study on Increasing Surface Hardness of Austenitic Stainless Steels by Pack Co-Deposition of N and Cr", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 295-297, pp. 1751-1754, 2011