Material Flow Estimation of Deep-Drawn Product by Using Finite-Element Simulation
The approach to total weight reduction has been a key issue for car manufacturers as they cope with more and more stringent requirements for fuel economy. In sheet metal forming, local increases in product-sheet thickness effectively contribute to reducing the total product weight. Products could be designed more efficiently if a designer could predict and control the thickness distribution of formed products. This paper describes a numerical simulation and evaluation of the material flow in local thickness increments of products formed by an ironing process. In order to clarify the mechanism of the local increase in sheet thickness, a 3-D numerical simulation of deep drawing and ironing was performed using finite-element simulation. The effects of various types of finite elements that primarily affect thickness changes in original materials and thickness prediction were investigated. It was found that the sheet-thickness distribution could be predicted if the original material was relatively thick and if an appropriate type of finite element is selected.
Riza Esa and Yanwen Wu
Y. Kotani et al., "Material Flow Estimation of Deep-Drawn Product by Using Finite-Element Simulation", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 301-303, pp. 452-455, 2011