Numerical Modeling of the Effects of Wears on Cutting Loads
In order to determine the normal force acting on the TBM disc cutter, a 3-D FEM model is established to simulate the cutting process, with the failure effect of the rock. Afterwards, by using this model, a series of numerical simulations are performed. Based on the numerical simulation results, via modifying Evans formula, an improved formula is given. The modified formula indicates the relationship between the normal force acting on a single disc cutter and the penetration depth, and contains the influence of formation stress and wear.
X. Y. Wang et al., "Numerical Modeling of the Effects of Wears on Cutting Loads", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 308-310, pp. 2340-2344, 2011