Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Laser Welded Lap Joints of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy
Microstructures and mechanical properties of welded Ti-6Al-4V alloy lap joints are discussed under different parameter conditions of laser welding. The results reveal that the fusion zone consists mainly of acicular α＇martensite. The shear strength of the lap joint reaches a maximum of 836MPa at a laser power of 4kW and welding speed of 2.3m/min. When the laser power is 4kW and the welding speed is 2.1m/min, microstructures of weld joint become coarse and the shear strength falls to 736MPa. The microhardness value in the weld zone is the highest and it gradually reduces from the weld center to base metal due to the difference of microstructure. When the weld heat input is constant, larger laser power has resulted in growth of the grain and the decrease of shear strength and microhardness of lap joints.
Y. Zhao et al., "Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Laser Welded Lap Joints of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 311-313, pp. 2375-2378, 2011