The extrudate swell of the polymer extrusion process was studied with the experiment and simulation method. The extrudate swell process was recorded by the high-speed photography apparatus. The swell rate at the different time was calculated. It is found that the extrudate swell rate increase at the first five seconds. The maximum swell rate is about 4.37%. The three-dimensional numerical simulation model of the experiment die path was founded. The extrusion process including the extrudate swell was simulated used the Finite Element Method. Such simulated results as the velocity vector, the shear rate profile and the end of the swell zone were analyzed. The extrudate swell end got by the simulation is similar with the experiment result.