Comparative Study of Creep and Stress Relaxation Behavior for 7055 Aluminum Alloy
In order to study the similarities and dissimilarities between creep and stress relaxation behavior of age formed aluminum alloys, both creep ageing and stress relaxation ageing experiments have been conducted with plate shaped 7055 aluminum alloy specimens on the 100 KN tensile testing machine performed at 120 °C for 20 h, under different stress levels from 190.0 to 357.8 MPa. The experimental results show that similar variation trends for creep and stress relaxation behavior were observed. Both creep and stress relaxation curves can be divided into two stages. During the first stage, higher creep rate and stress relaxation rate occur, which increase with stress levels but decrease with ageing time. While during the second stage, both the creep rate and the stress relaxation rate reach its lowest value and keep constant. A set of unified creep ageing constitutive equations has been developed and calibrated from creep experimental data, which can be used to predict the creep strain under age forming conditions perfectly. But the experimental results from stress relaxation ageing tests cannot be predicted with the established creep ageing constitutive equations, which shows that there is not a one-to-one correspondence between creep and stress relaxation, creep deformation is the most important but not the only reason for stress relaxation under age forming condition.
L. H. Zhan et al., "Comparative Study of Creep and Stress Relaxation Behavior for 7055 Aluminum Alloy", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 314-316, pp. 772-777, 2011