Coupled Electrostatic-Structures-Fluidic Analysis of a Nozzle/Diffuser Diaphragm Micropump
Micropump is the key component in the micro total analytical system. The major technical impediment in improving the performance of this micro-device lies in the lack of understanding the physical phenomena and their interactions of electric, mechanical, and fluidic fields for performing their intended functions. Because of the complexity of the micropump, the full coupled numerical analysis is extremely needed. This paper presents for the results of such fully coupled simulations. CFDRC® was used for the transient analysis of an electrostatically actuated micropump. The results show that the dynamic characteristics of fluid in the micropump and the vibration of flexible diaphragm are highly interactive each other. The flow rectification of the nozzle/diffuser will work only after the pressure difference between the two ends of valve have reached at a critical value. In the pump chamber, the fluidic press distribution almost independent of the space variation. Due to the increasing demands for accuracy, the nonlinear features of viscous loss of the fluid can no longer be neglected or simplified, but have to be taken into account in detail.
J. X. Dong et al., "Coupled Electrostatic-Structures-Fluidic Analysis of a Nozzle/Diffuser Diaphragm Micropump", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 317-319, pp. 1609-1613, 2011