Multiscale Particle-In-Cell Modelling for Advanced High Strength Steels
Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS) offer outstanding characteristics for efficient and economic use of steel. The unique features of AHSS are direct result of careful heat treatment that creates martensite in the steel microstructure. Martensite and carbon content in the microstructure greatly affects the mechanical properties of AHSS, underlining more importance on microstructural discontinuities and their multiphase characteristics. In this paper, we present the Multiscale Particle-In-Cell (MPIC) method for microstructural modelling of AHSS. A specific particle method  usually used in fluid mechanics is adapted and implemented in a parallel multiscale framework. This multiscale method is based on homogenisation theories; with Particle-In-Cell (PIC) method in both micro and macroscale, and offers several advantages in comparison to finite element (FE) based formulation. Application of this method to a benchmark uniaxial tension test is presented and compared with conventional FE solutions.
John Bell, Cheng Yan, Lin Ye and Liangchi Zhang
S.A. Asgari et al., "Multiscale Particle-In-Cell Modelling for Advanced High Strength Steels", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 32, pp. 285-288, 2008