Deposition and Properties Studies of Superfine TiN Films with Magnetic Filter
Arc ion plating(AIP) has higher deposition rates, whereas macro-particles (MPs) make the film properties decreasing. In this paper, AIP with or without magnetic filter (MF or AIP) and composition of AIP followed with magnetic filter (MFAIP) were designed to deposit TiN films on silicon (Si) and high-speed steel(HSS), respectively. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), nanoindentation and microscratch tests were investigated. SEM showed that both the MF and the MFAIP films had a superfine layer among the columnar crystals grown vertically against substrate surface. However, the columnar crystals of MF films were leptosomatic and well-orientational, while MFAIP ones were coarse and short, and even ragged in size and orientation. Nanoindentation test results showed the highest hardness for MF films and the lowest one for AIP films. A new parameter Scratch Crack Propagation Resistance (CPRs) was introduced to evaluate the film adhesion properties in a scratch test. MF films had the highest adhesion. AIP films were most susceptible to failure as the CPRs was the lowest, although the Lc1 was higher than MFAIP ones. It was proposed that the MPs were effectively removed with the MF, and the MF layers were superfine to improve the properties of the films.
John Bell, Cheng Yan, Lin Ye and Liangchi Zhang
L. Chen et al., "Deposition and Properties Studies of Superfine TiN Films with Magnetic Filter", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 32, pp. 61-64, 2008