Effect of Materials’ Wettability on the Dynamic Behavior of Droplet Impact onto a Rough Solid Surface
In this paper, the effect of material’s wettability on the droplet impact has been investigated by numerical apporach. The unsteady flow behaviors of liquid droplet impacting against the rough solid surface with different wettabilities have been simulated based on lattice Boltzmann method. The spreading and bounding characterisitcs of droplet have been discussed. For the hydrophilic material, the droplet will sink into the grooves among roughness bumps, and its apparent contact angle in steady stead will be smaller than its corresponding intrinsic contact angle; while for the hydrophilic material, droplet will flow into the grooves but suspend on the top of roughness elements without any contacting with the bottom surface, and the apparent contact angle is larger than its intrinsic contact angle.
Jun Hu and Qi Luo
J. Cui et al., "Effect of Materials’ Wettability on the Dynamic Behavior of Droplet Impact onto a Rough Solid Surface", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 320, pp. 341-346, 2011