On the Characterization of Ultra Thin Al Films Deposited onto SiC Substrate Using PIXE Technique
In this work the capability of the proton induced X-ray emission (PIXE) technique to monitor a rapid, non-destructive and accurate quantification of Al on or inside SiC is discussed. Optimization of PIXE acquisition parameters was performed using as reference, a thin Al film (2.5 nm) thermally evaporated onto silicon carbide substrate. In order to improve the sensitivity for Al detection and quantitative determination, a systematic study was undertaken using proton ion beam at different energies (from 0.2 to 3 MeV) with a different tilting angle (0°, 60°, and 80°). The limit of detection (LOD) was found to be lower than 0.02 nm. The optimum PIXE conditions (energy, angle) were applied for determining the Al doping concentration in thin (1 µm) 4H-SiC homoepitaxial layer. The Al concentration as determined by PIXE was found to be 3.9x1020 at/cm3 in good agreement with SIMS measurements, and the LOD was estimated to be 6x1018 at/cm3.
Maher Soueidan, Mohamad Roumié and Pierre Masri
G. Younes et al., "On the Characterization of Ultra Thin Al Films Deposited onto SiC Substrate Using PIXE Technique", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 324, pp. 302-305, 2011