Characterizing Fatigue Crack Closure by Numerical Analysis
The crack closure phenomenon has attracted great attention in the prediction of fatigue crack growth. The finite element analysis of fatigue crack growth has been conducted by many researchers mainly emphasized on the technique implementation of the simulation. In this paper the behavior of plasticity induced fatigue crack closure was analyzed by the elastic-plastic finite element method for middle crack tension (MT) specimen. The material was assumed as linear-kinematic hardening. The crack growth was simulated by releasing the “bonded” node pairs ahead of crack tip in stepwise. The calculations focused on the effects of load cases and crack length on crack opening/closure levels. For constant amplitude cyclic loadings with different load ratios, the crack opening/closure levels increases for a while and then decreases continuously, with the increase of crack length. For the loadings with invariable maximum stress intensity factors (briefly the constant-K loading), however, the crack tip plastic zone sizes at different crack lengths remain unchanged and the crack opening and closing load levels normalized by the maximum load levels keep constants as well. The results indicate that the crack length does not affect the relative opening and closure levels and numerical analysis for the constant-K loading case should play a key role in characterizing the fatigue crack growth behavior.
Wei Yang, Mamtimin Geni, Tiejun Wang and Zhuo Zhuang
Y. Z. Li, J. He, Z. P. Zhang, L. Wang, "Characterizing Fatigue Crack Closure by Numerical Analysis", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 33-37, pp. 273-278, 2008