Advances in Fracture and Materials Behavior

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Authors: Jiang Dong Deng, Pei Yan Huang, Xin Yan Guo, Jun Deng
Abstract: The interfacial bonding property between carbon fiber laminate (CFL) and concrete is a key issue in the application of RC beams strengthened with CFL. In this paper, fracture mechanics method is used to develop a calculation formula of stress intensity factor for the CFL-concrete interfacial crack. In combination with a series of tests, the interfacial fracture toughness is discussed, and the influencing factors and process of the intermediate crack-induced debonding (IC debonding) are also analyzed. The tests results show that IC debonding is generally induced by the flexural or flexural-shear cracks in the bottom of RC beams around the mid-span, and develop along the interface towards the end of the beam. A method to determine IC debonding derived from theoretic analysis and the tests results demonstrates that the interfacial failure can be effectively avoided by limiting CFL strain in the range of the debonding strain.
Authors: Friedrich G. Buchholz, J. Wiebesiek, Victor Teichrieb, M. Fulland
Abstract: In this paper the rather complex 3D fatigue crack growth behaviour in a SEN-specimens under anti-plane shear or torsion loading is investigated by the aid of the programme ADAPCRACK3D and by application of a recently developed 3D fracture criterion. It will be shown that the computationally simulated results of fatigue crack growth in the FE-models of the specimens are in good agreement with experimental findings for the development of two antisymmetric cracks, which originate from the two crack front corner points, that is where the crack front intersects the free surfaces of the laboratory SEN test-specimens. Consequently, also for these cases with a rather complex 3D crack growth of two anti-symmetric cracks, the functionality of the ADAPCRACK3D-programme and the validity of the proposed 3D fracture criterion can be stated.
Authors: Chang Feng Yan, You Tang Li, Wu Yin Jin, Li Xiao Wu, Hua Huang
Abstract: A new method for fabricating crack is introduced by pressing the wedge on bar. The path of the crack propagation is not regular when the ratio of length and diameter is less than 1.8 on the symmetrical support. The load of the wedge for pressing the notch is given in this paper. The 2-D finite element is applied to simulate the crack propagation by the maximum normal stress theory. The experimental results show that the quality of the fracture section will vary with the span on the three-point bending. In order to control the crack propagation along the desired section regularly, the asymmetrical three-point bending is proposed. The simulation results show that when the difference of the two spans is between 11 and 22 in asymmetrical three-point bending under the parameters condition, the good quality of the section will be obtained, and the experimental results also strong support the conclusion.
Authors: Bin Gu, Hong Yuan Liu, Yiu Wing Mai, Xi Qiao Feng, Shou Wen Yu
Abstract: In the present paper, continuum fracture mechanics is used to analyze the Smart-Cut process, a recently established ion cut technology which enables highly efficient fabrication of various silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafers of very high uniformity in thickness. Using integral transform and Cauchy singular integral equation methods, the mode-I and mode-II stress intensity factors, energy release rate and crack opening displacements are derived in order to examine several important fracture mechanisms involved in the Smart-Cut process. The effects of defect interaction and stiffening wafer on defect growth are investigated. The numerical results indicate that a stiffener/handle wafer can effectively prevent the donor wafer from blistering and exfoliation, but it slows down the defect growth by decreasing the magnitudes of SIFs. Defect interaction also plays an important role in the splitting process of SOI wafers, but its contribution depends strongly on the size, interval and internal pressure of defects. Finally, an analytical formula is derived to estimate the implantation dose required for splitting a SOI wafer.
Authors: Kenji Machida, Takanori Ueno
Abstract: We developed the 3-D local hybrid method to evaluate the 3-D stress field inside the specimen from displacement data on the free surface obtained from the 2-D intelligent hybrid method. When a uniform load was applied to the structure with a surface crack, high accuracy was already acquired in stress analyses. The 3-D local hybrid method was newly applied to structure with a surface crack which is subjected to bending load. It is expected that the accuracy depends on local model size. In this study, the width, the thickness and the height of the local model were changed widely, and analyses were carried out. Then the size of the local model necessary for the analyses was examined. Assessment of analyses was performed by comparing J integral value of a full model and the local model.
Authors: Indera Sadikin, Djoko Suharto, Bangkit Meliana, Kemal Supelli, Abdul Arya
Abstract: The use of High-pressure Vessel in eco-friendly Natural Gas Vehicles (NGV) is technologically feasible nowadays. Common applications of High-pressure Vessel are to carry Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), hydrogen for fuel-cell vehicle, and high-compression air in the new air-car technology. High-pressure Vessel is subjected to extreme compression-decompression cycles that could cause fatigue failure. Therefore, vessel shall be inspected regularly to detect if there is crack inside. The objective of this paper is to optimize the inspection interval of CNG Highpressure Vessel by means of Probabilistic Fracture Mechanics Analysis. Vessel is made of highalloy steel and assumed to have distributed elliptical cracks. Three length-to-depth crack ratios (a/c), i.e. 3, 8, and 15, are simulated. Crack is assumed to propagate in fixed ratio. Stress Intensity Factors at each crack tip are calculated by Finite Element Analysis and Crack Closure Technique. Fatigue crack growth is simulated by Cycle-by-Cycle Integration Technique. The Fracture Mechanics Analysis is then expanded to probabilistic analysis by considering stochastic nature of analysis parameters. Probability of failure is computed by Guided Direct Simulation Method using software which is specially written for this project [1]. Based on simulation result, High-pressure Vessel is recommended to be inspected every 3 years.
Authors: Wei Xie, Qi Qing Huang, Masanori Kikuchi
Abstract: In the virtual crack closure method (VCCM), the energy release rate is computed based on the results of finite element calculation, and the stress intensity factor (SIF) is computed from the energy release rate. In this paper, the stress intensity factor of mixed-mode surface cracks under three point bending is studied by using the three dimensional modified virtual crack closure method (MVCCM). The modified virtual crack closure method is required to open one element face area whose shape is arbitrary and finite element widths are unequal across the crack front. The effect of the distance between the location of load and crack face, crack shape and crack depth to the stress intensity factor is also discussed, along with practical results and conclusions.
Authors: Zheng Yang, Hyeon Gyu Beom, Chang Boo Kim, Chong Du Cho
Abstract: Single or multiple of delaminations have been found frequently on the fracture surface of X70 pipeline steel. In this study, the delamination cracks and their influence on the fracture of pipeline are investigated by both experiment and three-dimensional fracture analyses. It is shown that the three-dimensional stress state is prerequisite for delamination crack and the strength distribution of material influences the form and direction of delamination crack. The delamination cracks are produced on the weak interfaces among the material by the tensile stress perpendicular to them before the fracture passes. The direction of delamination crack depends on the three-dimensional stress fields and strength distribution of material near the crack tip or notch root. The delamination cracks of the fracture through thickness of pipe wall make the effective thickness decrease and the delamination cracks of surface crack are perpendicular to the direction of fracture propagation direction. The delamination cracks reduce the stress triaxiality near crack tip and in turn, improve the fracture toughness of X70 pipeline steel.
Authors: Hiroomi Homma, Huu Nhan Tran
Abstract: Under very short pulse loads in range from 25 to 100 μs, crack tip plasticity a head of the crack tip in the mode I condition was investigated by discrete dislocation dynamics. The obtained dislocation array parameters such as the number of dislocations, dislocation distribution density, crack tip opening displacement and plastic zone size increase with the magnitude of stress intensity factor, KI and pulse durations. The numerical results were well compared with the experimental ones.
Authors: Hironobu Nisitani, Kuniharu Ushijima, D.H. Chen, Akihide Saimoto
Abstract: Finite element method (FEM) is used widely for various structural problems. However, in general, it is difficult to guarantee the accuracy of results obtained by commercial software of FEM. In this paper, a practical finite element technique for calculating the stress intensity factors with high accuracy is proposed. This technique is based on the characteristics of stress field due to a crack. In this study, the proposed method is applied to 2-dimentional crack problems.

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