Phosphorus Distribution in the Sediments of Rongcheng Swan Lake, China


Article Preview

Rongcheng Swan Lake is a small lagoon in eastern Shandong Peninsula, China, whose water quality and ecological environment has deteriorated in recent years. The surface and core sediments were collected from Swan Lake to investigate the concentrations and spatial-vertical distribution of total phosphorus (TP) and various P forms. TP concentrations of the surface sediments (0-10 cm) were low, ranging from 79.15 mg kg-1 to 565.12 mg kg-1. TP concentrations in sediments were relatively high in the northwestern and central lake, and low near the sand spit, which was largely influenced by the anthropogenic inputs and sediment grain size. Inorganic P (IP) was the dominant form of TP, and apatite phosphorus (AP) was the major component of IP in surface sediments. At four of the six sediment profiles, the concentrations of TP, organic P (OP) and non-apatite inorganic phosphorus (NAIP) decreased rapidly with depth in the surface 0-10 cm layers, which was related to the increase of anthropogenic inputs in recent 20-30 years. In conclusion, the sediments in northwestern area had great potential for P release in the alkaline water of Swan Lake.



Advanced Materials Research (Volumes 347-353)

Edited by:

Weiguo Pan, Jianxing Ren and Yongguang Li




L. Gao et al., "Phosphorus Distribution in the Sediments of Rongcheng Swan Lake, China", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 347-353, pp. 2033-2038, 2012

Online since:

October 2011




[1] Q. X. Zhou, C. E. Gibson, and Y. M. Zhu: Chemosphere. Vol. 42 (2001), p.221.

[2] M. L. Machesky, T. R. Holm and J. A. Slowikowski: Aquat. Geochem. Vol. 16 (2010), p.639.

[3] C. E. Gibson, G. X. Wang , R. H. Foy and S. D. Lennox: Chemosphere. Vol. 42 (2002), p.215.

[4] T. Gonsiorczyk, P. Casper and R. Koschel: Water Sci. Technol. Vol. 37 (1998), p.51.

[5] A. Kaiserli, D. Voutas and C. Samara: Chemosphere. Vol. 46 (2002), p.1147.

[6] H. Hupfer, R. Gächter and R. Giovanoli: Aquatic Sciences. Vol. 57 (1995), p.305.

[7] V. Ruban, S. P. López, G. Pardo, H. Rauret, and P. Q. Muntau: Fresenius J. Anal. Chem. Vol. 370 (2001), p.224.

[8] J. X. Wu, Z. H. Liu, H. L. Chen and Y. D. Qun: Transactions of Oceanology and Limnology (in Chinese). Vol. 8 (1986), p.19.

[9] J. J. Jia, S. Gao, Y. C Xue, and F. Y. Li: Scientia Geographica Sinica (in Chinese). Vol. 24 (2004), p.83.

[10] Y. A. Wang and P. Li: Coastal Engineering (in Chinese). Vol. 28 (2009), p.98.

[11] USEPA, in: EPA 823-R-97-006, edited by Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Science and Technology, Washington DC (1997).

[12] L. Gao, H. Yang, J. M. Zhou and J. Chen: Pedosphere. Vol. 14 (2004), p.483.

[13] L. Frankowski, J. Bolalek, and A. Szostek: Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. Vol. 54 (2002), p.1027.

[14] J. Hisashi: Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. Vol. 49 (1983), p.447.

[15] I. D. Vicente, L. Cruz-Pizarro and F. J. Rueda: Aquat. Sci. Vol. 72 (2010), p.21.