A Preliminary Study on the Transport Behavior for a Potential Disposal Site of LILW in Southern China
Near surface disposal of low and intermediate level radioactive waste (LILW) requires a detailed site investigation of the potential sites, in which the transport behavior of solutes in the groundwater system is one of the key processes that needed to be addressed. An investigation is undertaking for the disposal of LILW at a potential site in Southern China. In-situ test have been conducted to study the hydrogeologic characteristics of the site. Firstly, tests including pit permeability tests, injecting tests, water pressure tests, pumping tests and laboratory permeability tests have been performed according to the specific field conditions. Hydraulic conductivities for different layers of rock and soils have been calculated and their recommended values have been presented. And then in-situ dispersion tests have been performed at an area adjacent to the disposal site with non-sorbed tracers. A numerical model has been developed for the site based on data obtained during the site investigation, and has been calibrated with available measured groundwater level and measured tracer concentrations in the dispersion tests. Calibrated results indicate that the longitudinal dispersion coefficient is equal to 5.0×10-3 m2/d. Preliminary predictions have been performed for the groundwater flow and solute advection-dispersion behavior according to the design of the site, in which the center valley will be backfilled with low permeable materials. Predicted results indicate that the groundwater exhibits a lower water table and a smaller hydraulic gradient under designed site condition than under natural condition. All the tracers remain underground in the site and transport slowly mainly through advection and dispersion. Finally, conclusions for the study have been presented and the key tasks for future work have been discussed. This study provides an insight understanding of the hydrogeology characteristics of the disposal site and is useful for the assessment of environment impacts of the site under disposal of LILW.
Hexing Li, Qunjie Xu and Daquan Zhang
S. P. Yi et al., "A Preliminary Study on the Transport Behavior for a Potential Disposal Site of LILW in Southern China", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 356-360, pp. 1445-1453, 2012