Evaluation of Tri-Cone Bit Performance on Limestone Formation
This study examines the characteristics of limestone formation as well as the performance of different tri-cone bits in limestone in Ewekoro. Rock samples were collected from different layers of limestone encountered in the quarry during drilling operation. These samples were tested in the laboratory for uniaxial compressive strength and the tensile strength. Also, the chemical compositions of the samples were determined using the X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF) Spectrometer and the results were used in the determination of the Equivalent Quartz Content (EQC). The length of the insert buttons on the surface of the drill bits were measured using digital vernier calliper at regular intervals. In addition, the tooth and bearing wear rates as well as the penetration rate were determined on the field. The results of the uniaxial compressive strength varied from 86.5MPa (medium strength) to 112 MPa (high strength). The Equivalent Quartz Content (EQC) of the rock samples varied from 17.37% to 36.676% while the Rock Abrasivity Index (RAI) varied from 15.03 to 43.317. The results of the drilling variables showed that higher wear rate was experienced when milled tooth tri-cone bit was used for drilling than using insert tri-cone bit for drilling limestone formation, hence the tri-cone bits performed optimally well in all the formations except in glauconite (GLAB) where its performance was low. However, the economic analysis indicated that the insert tri-cone bit drilling cost per metre varied from N660/m to N673/m while the milled tooth tri-cone bit drilling cost per metre varied from N684/m to N710/m. This will act as a data base for selection of drill bits and drilling equipment in limestone quarries.
Prof. A.O. Akii Ibhadode
B. Adebayo and V.O. Akeju, "Evaluation of Tri-Cone Bit Performance on Limestone Formation", Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 367, pp. 555-560, 2012