“Zhuangkuo” is a unique type of residence in Qinghai. It is characterized by local materials, simple structure, and convenient construction. Also, it is adapted to the natural environment. Based on a field study, this paper addresses how to inherit the ecological wisdom of this type of residence construction. Firstly, find out differences of architectural characteristics under multi-cultural. Secondly, point out the four main problems of Hehuang residence building under the background of New Rural Construction. Thirdly, explore the ecological wisdom of “Zhuangkuo” residence construction. In addition, summarize construction countermeasures and principles for innovation of Hehuang residence; propose new residential design carrying forward Hehuang architectural culture. The purpose is to provide necessary guidance and reference for inheritance and innovation of Hehuang vernacular residence.