Evaluation of the Impact Formulae for Rigid Projectile Striking on Concrete Target
Based on the large amounts of field impact tests with different projectile nosed shapes, the abilities of the existing classical empirical and semi-empirical impact formulae in predicting the local damage of normal and high strength concrete targets (NSCT & HSCT) under the strike of rigid projectile were evaluated. It finds that, firstly, for the penetration depth, the Forrestal and Chen & Li semi-empirical formulae, BRL and Whiffen empirical formulae are advised for the NSCT under the impact of ogive nosed projectile; and Chen & Li semi-empirical formula and ACE empirical formulae are advised for the NSCT under the impact of special nosed projectile; the dimensionless penetration depth of NSCT increases linearly with the non-dimensional impact factor. Secondly, for the penetration depth, Chen & Li semi-empirical formula is advised for the HSCT under the mid-to-high speed impact, and the existing formulae are not applicable while the speed of the projectile was relatively low. Thirdly, for the perforation mode of the target, the BRL and Chang empirical formulae are advised for the NSCT, and the Chen semi-empirical formula, ACE and BRL empirical formulae are advised for the HSCT.
Qing Yang, Li Hua Zhu, Jing Jing He, Zeng Feng Yan and Rui Ren
H. Wu and Q. Fang, "Evaluation of the Impact Formulae for Rigid Projectile Striking on Concrete Target", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 368-373, pp. 894-900, 2012