CFD Application on Ventilation System of Hydro-Generator
Averaged 3D N-S equations and RNG k-ε equations were solved with parallel computing CFD code on the flow field of dual radial ventilation system without fan for a hydro-generator. The MRF(multiple implicit rotating frame) method was used to simulated the rotating motion of the generator and porous media model were used to simulate the pressure loss of air cooler. Rational tactics were selected to generate calculation grids to compromise with calculation CPU time and result accuracy and the grids of different parts were generated with ICEM-CFD. The flow characteristic of different parts was analyzed and flow flux of different section was obtained. The research indicated that the flow from leakage gap between poles and stators formed "air wall", which generated a recirculation zone and made the bar cooling bad. The local pressure loss of stator entrance is dominant. There are leeward and windward areas for the air flowing with circumferential velocity component. Rational design of stator ducts entrance with some diversion effect, can reduce the pressure loss of the stator ventilation and improve the cooling of leeward area in stator ducts.
Q. F. Zhang et al., "CFD Application on Ventilation System of Hydro-Generator", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 383-390, pp. 3561-3565, 2012