Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation in an Areaway-Attached Basement with a Single-Sided Opening for Residential Purposes
This paper discusses the sustainability of the areaway-attached basement concept with the attentions focused on wind-driven single-sided natural ventilation. First, numerical simulations were performed on an areaway-attached basement with a single-sided opening. Two CFD approaches: Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and large-eddy simulation (LES) were used and compared with the previous experimental results of effective ventilation rate. A good agreement between the measurement and LES model was found and RANS model tends to underestimate the ventilation rates. Furthermore, Based on LES with the inflow turbulent fluctuations, the mean airflow patterns within and around the areaway-attached basement was investigated for different wind incidence angles to examine the influences of wind direction on ventilation performances.
Z. Bu "Wind-Driven Natural Ventilation in an Areaway-Attached Basement with a Single-Sided Opening for Residential Purposes", Advanced Materials Research, Vols. 383-390, pp. 5344-5349, 2012