Machine tool vibrations have great impact on machining process. In this paper the dynamic behavior and modal parameters of milling machine is presented. For this purpose, the CAD model of the milling machine structure is provided in CATIA and then Natural frequencies and mode shapes of the machine tool structure are carried out through FEM modal analysis under ANSYS Workbench. The model is evaluated and corrected with experimental results by modal testing on FP4M milling machine. Finally, the natural frequencies and mode shapes obtained by both experimental and FEM modal analysis are compared. The results of two methods are in widely agreement.